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How to Capitalize and Punctuate Titles — Oregon School Library Information System
A hierarchy of italics opera title and quotations should be used for aria titles:. Verdi, "Sempre libera" from La Traviata. Note that the title of the opera is in italics, and the title of the excerpt, recitative or aria is in quotes. This system can also be applied to any work where individual sections have titles separate from that of the complete work, including oratorios and song cycles:. Schubert, "Der Lindenbaum" from Winterreisse.
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For recitatives and arias or sections of a scene, give both titles first few words connected by three dots between the texts. For that reason, you can think of art as a big accomplishment. That might sound a bit corny, but it will help you remember. Individual works of art, like paintings and sculptures, are underlined or italicized:.
Note that a photograph—although not any less significant or important—is often much smaller than a work of created art, and is placed in quotation marks. Following are guidelines for punctuating titles according to MLA standards. Share Flipboard Email.
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Are there definitive rules on how to punctuate a book title?
Updated September 22, Works to put in italics include:. When deciding how to handle smaller works, put quotation marks around:. Instructors in the U.
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In newspapers, single quotation marks are used in headlines where double quotation marks would otherwise appear. In some fields, key terms may be set apart with single-quote marks. In such cases, periods and commas go outside the single-quote marks:. When the term is case-sensitive, capitalization remains unchanged despite placement in the sentence.
The following explanation comes from the "Frequently Asked Questions" file of alt. Hence the convention arose of always using '. Here is one simple rule to remember: In the United States, periods and commas go inside quotation marks regardless of logic. Click HERE for an explanation sort of.
Using Italics and Quotation Marks in Titles
If a quoted word or phrase fits into the flow of your sentence without a break or pause, then a comma may not be necessary: The phrase "lovely, dark and deep" begins to suggest ominous overtones. Following a form of to say , however, you'll almost always need a comma: My father always said, "Be careful what you wish for. She was becoming impatient and wished that she were elsewhere.
Writers can put quotation marks around it or not: Oh, what a beautiful morning, Curly said to himself. Some interesting things can happen with verb tenses when we report action in indirect or reported speech "The president said that he was going to Egypt tomorrow".
The American Medical Association Manual of Style 9th ed, calls misused quotation marks like this Apologetic Quotation Marks and says: Quotation marks used around words to give special effect or to indicate irony are usually unnecessary.
When irony or special effect is intended, skillful preparation can take the place of using these quotes. Resort to apologetic quotation marks or quotation marks used to express irony only after such attempts have failed, keeping in mind that the best writing does not rely on apologetic quotation marks. Professor Villa told her students the textbooks were not yet in the bookstore.