Various regulators should tighten requirements for directors to be vigilant and provide protections for whistleblowers who bring improper behavior to public attention. But, in the final analysis, the solution to an Enron-type scandal lies in the attentiveness of directors and in the truthfulness and integrity of executives. Clever individuals will always find ways to conceal information or to engage in fraud.
They may need to pledge that they will not suspend the company's code of conduct, or at least report to the public when they do. Finally, every company will need to demonstrate that its board of directors is vigorous, vigilant, and that its procedures will enable it to uncover any questionable behavior. Companies may need to adopt a set of "governance best practices" to regain the trust of the market. N: Some say Enron's collapse was caused by its stock options system. Do you think the executive compensation system should be reformed, and if so, how? H: The stock option system is not itself the problem.
Excessive stock options and excessive corporate compensation give corporate executives too many incentives to manipulate the financial accounts and the stock price of the company.
When huge cash or options bonuses are dependent upon achievement of one or a few narrowly defined profit or growth goals, the temptation to manipulate the numbers to get the rewards will be too great. The problem is not the stock option system but the excessive compensation given to executives in the United States, particularly compared to the salaries of regular employees of the company. N: Will stock prices continue to be down because the investors' faith has been shaken?
The other day the blue chips like GE and IBM had to reassure investors about the strength of their financial controls. H: I believe the stock prices of new economy companies will continue to show an "Enron effect" for many months to come. Until an individual company convinces the market that it has rid itself of any questionable practices and has improved its governance systems, it will not be evaluated fully. N: Don't you think this kind of scandal will be a bad influence on the U.
H: Enron has clearly done some damage to the U. The fundamental health of the U. Some individual new economy companies will have depressed stock prices for some time, but they, too, will recover as they demonstrate that they are prepared to prevent Enron-like behavior. N: You mentioned in Newsweek magazine that Enron will become the morality play of the new economy.
Could you give me a more concrete idea what you mean by this? H: I do believe Enron will be the morality play of the new economy. It will teach executives and the American public the most important ethics lessons of this decade. Among these lessons are:. You make money in the new economy in the same ways you make money in the old economy - by providing goods or services that have real value.
The arrogance of corporate executives who claim they are the best and the brightest, "the most innovative," and who present themselves as superstars should be a "red flag" for investors, directors and the public. Executives who are paid too much can think they are above the rules and can be tempted to cut ethical corners to retain their wealth and perquisites.
5.1 Introduction to the Enron Case
Government regulations and rules need to be updated for the new economy, not relaxed and eliminated. N: Why did this happen? N: Why didn't the company's directors protect the employees and investors? N: Why didn't anyone stop Skilling, Lay and Fastow?
ENRON, ETHICS, & THE DARK SIDE OF LEADERSHIP
N: Could you tell me how the corporate governance should be changed? N: Don't you think this scandal damaged the new economy's fundamental system?
N: Can we believe analysts' strong "buy" recommendations from now on? N: How can credibility be recovered with investors? Among these lessons are: You make money in the new economy in the same ways you make money in the old economy - by providing goods or services that have real value.
START YOUR BUSINESS
Without bogging you down with the mechanics of accounting, this course provides an overview of the multi-faceted role of accounting in business and social contexts. You will get to know the essential of businesses and how they must work around the notions of ethics, the corporate governance CG framework and how accountants function as one of the key players in the practices.
- PBS ethics program re-examines Enron scandal - inroadextlictsick.gq?
- The Fall of Enron-An Analysis of Ethical Issues | wxiaom's blog.
- Enron, Ethics And Today's Corporate Values;
- analytical critical thinking rubric.
- Business Ethics and Scandal Research Papers.
- Enron scandal.
An thriving area of corporate social responsibility CSR is also discussed. An illustrative approach will be adopted and you will be surprised by how closely accounting is related to things happening around you in your daily lives. The Enron Case is one of the biggest corporate scandals in recent years.
Leadership in Business: A case study on Enron
Enron turned from an acclaimed company into the most infamous company in the world overnight. There were a number of corporate governance issues, leading to the scandal. In this module, let us now take a look at the case, as to how it happened and how he changed the world of corporate governance practices in his aftermath.